Outcomes 2 years and 5 years after clinical discharge

Resultats altres patologies

Rehabilitation takes on its true meaning and usefulness in health care when it allows people to maximise their functional autonomy and go about their lives with dignity, independence and quality of life, and active social participation, at the same time as with social participation on equal terms with others.

For this to be possible, it must be possible to guarantee that everyone receives quality rehabilitation, but it is essential to have an inclusive and accessible society that respects functional diversity and that promotes effective equalisation of opportunities.

That is what we strive to measure through the regular assessments that we perform on all our former patients over time. In this report we place special emphasis on the results corresponding to 2 and 5 years after they complete their rehabilitation process in our hospital.

These regular assessments not only rule out any pathology resulting from their injury that might go undetected, they also assess the patient’s autonomy, quality of life and degree of community integration, among other aspects.

Degree of community integration

The Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ), which assesses competence at home, social integration and productive activities, is administered to assess the degree of integration in the community 2 and 5 years after discharge.

A compilation of our patients’ outcomes on some of its items appears below. As can be seen in the following graphics, the most affected dimension is that of working and/or studying, as very few patients are active in this area (especially in the case of the population with brain injury). It is important to note that this reveals a problematic situation, as the scientific literature has shown the benefits of employment for people with disabilities in terms of their quality of life, functionality and social inclusion.

Community integration of the population with spinal cord injury
Community integration of the population with brain damage

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In both graphs, it should be noted that autonomy for activities of daily living and aspects of human relationships improve over the years. In the case of brain injury, the worsening of social activities and control of finances are particularly notable.

If we group the items in the CIQ scale, we can obtain 3 dimensions for analysis:

  • Skills at home (maximum 10 points)
  • Social integration (maximum 10 points)
  • Productive activities (maximum 5 points)

Community integration in the population with spinal cord injury by subscales:

Community integration in the population with brain damage by subscales:

Quality of life of patients with spinal cord injury:

Regarding the perception of quality of life (based on the WHOQoL-BREF scale), 2 years after discharge, patients with spinal cord injury show levels within the expected standards (≥2.5, where 1 is very poor and 5 very good). The WHOQoL-BREF assessment scale is only given to patients with spinal cord injury.

Degree of global perception of quality of life 2 years after discharge:

Spinal Cord Injury3,033,1533,043